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Title Why Do Countries Fight Over Deir Ez-Zor?
Country *country*
By *by*
Date Created *creation_date* Published *publishing_date*
Source *source*
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Posted in Memory
Tags Daash, Deir ez-Zor, Dictator, Report, Russia, United States

By Mourad Abdul Jalil.

Deir Ez-Zor has been widely spoken about in the media after Assad’s forces and their allies succeeded in lifting the siege that ISIS imposed on some of its neighborhoods three years ago.

In spite of the governorate’s available resources, it faced harsh economic and living conditions during the control of the ruling Ba’ath Party. The situation got worse after the Syrian revolutionand ISIS’s entry and control over its large parts in 2014.

Deir Ez-Zor is located 450 km away from the capital Damascus. It is the second largest Syrian governorate in the area after Homs. It covers an area of ​​about 33 square kilometers and represents 17 percent of Syria’s area.

The province has a great economic importance, which caught the attention of the tumultuous countries to take control of it in order to take over its wealth and natural resources.

Economic researcher Soqrat al-Alou stressed to Enab Baladi that the economic importance of Deir Ez-Zor is based on being rich  in natural resources. It contains 40% of the oil reserves in Syria, in addition to the existence of natural gas fields, most notably Thayyem field, which is about six kilometers away from the city center.

According to a 2014 report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights entitled “The Oil Weapon in Syria,” the governorate contains the largest oil and gas fields in Syria, the most important of which are al-Omar oil field in the north-east of Mayadin city, the Tink oil field in Al-Shaitat Badia in the city’s eastern countryside, al-Ward field near al-Dwair village in the eastern countryside, Thayyem field near al-Muhasan city in the south of the city, al-Jafra field 25 km away in the east, in addition to Conico gas plant which is located 20 km away in the east of the city, al-Kharata oil station which is located 20 km away in southwest, and T2 oil station which is located on the Iraqi-Syrian oil pipeline.

Read the full article here.

Read the article in Arabic.

Read the article in French.